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  • Philosophia Britannica – Benjamin Martin – 1759 –  Volume 3 – Optics, Astronomy, the Use of the Globes an Optical Instruments (Includes map of the World By Emanuel Bowen)

    Philosophia Britannica – Benjamin Martin – 1759 – Volume 3 – Optics, Astronomy, the Use of the Globes an Optical Instruments (Includes map of the World By Emanuel Bowen)

    One of originally three volumes each of which stands alone. We have two and are selling them individually or as a pair … scarce.

    Published by M Cooper in Pater-noster-row, J Newbery in St Pauls Church-yard, S Crowder and Co on London-bridge etc London and sold by the Author at his House in Fleet-street, 1759.

    Bound in original full speckled Calf showing some age but holding very well. Original maroon leather title labels. A beautiful antiquarian look.

    Text block speckled red. Inked name on front paste down. Title page in red and black. Octavo, 408 pages after preliminaries, with solid index at the rear. Thirty five magnificent copper engraved plates, all folding, two with professionally repaired tears.

    Benjamin Martin (1705-1782) established a school in Chichester during his twenties. Little is known about his own formal education. By 1738 he had taken a keen interest in optics and produced several wood and cardboard microscopes. He started presenting lectures in experimental philosophy to audiences in Reading, Bristol, Bath and London. He published his first “Philosophia” in 1747. This the second 1759 edition is a new and augmented version and is the high point of his work. The world (Wiki) has Martin down principally as a lexicographer who compiled and early dictionary … and a lecturer and maker of scientific instruments …. we would say wrong way around. By 1756 Martin was firmly settled in London. He began trading as an Optician and then in addition numerous scientific instruments. His business address, which is where he lived was described as “Hadley’s Quadrant and Visual Glasses”, near Crane Court, in Fleet Street, London. His trade cards advertised … “All Sorts of Philosophical, Optical and Mathematical Instruments many of which are of New Invention made and Sold by Benjamin Martin at his shop … viz Planetariums, Globes of any Size, Air Pumps, Barometers, Thermometers, Pocket Microscopes, Wilson’s Microscopes, Solar Microscopes, Reflecting and Refracting Telescopes, Reading Glasses, Opera Glasses, Spectacles, Hadley’s Quadrants, Cases of Instruments, Sectors, Sliding Rules. Artificial Magnets and of which may be sent safe to any part of England”.

    The book comprises; Lecture IX Optics containing inter alia; Lenses; Harmonical Reflection in Mirrors; Images; Algebraic Theorems; Of the Eye and Vision; Refractive Power; Defects of the Eye; Optical Instruments; Microscopes; Cata-dioptric Microscope; Reflecting Microscope; Micrometer; Pocket Microscope of the Author’s Invention; Refracting Telescopes; Newton’s Reflecting Telescope; Camera Obscura; Solar Telescope; Lecture XI Astronomy – inter alia The Universe; Ptolomean System; Tycho Brahe; Copernican or Solar System; Periodical Times of The Planets; Satellites or Moons; Atmosphere of the Moon; to Measure the Height of a Mountain in the Moon; Moons of Jupiter; Moons of Saturn; Saturn’s Rings; Newtonian Theory of Planetary Motion; the Orrery; Eclipses; Comets; The Path of the Comet of 1743/3 Ascertained by Observation etc. An Appendix of Chronology including the Cycles of the Moon; the Golden Numbers and Their Use; The Astronomical Principles of Sir Isaac Newton’s Chronology Explained. Lecture XII, the use of the Globes inter alia Catalogue of Stars; Zodiac; Nebulous Stars; Problems on the Celestial Globe; The Manner of Drawing a Meridian Line; the Voyage to the Arctic Circle by the French King’s Mathematicians; Mercator’s Projection Explained. Appendix of the Lunar Motions; Method of Computing the Quantity of Matter, Density, and Weight of Bodies, in the Sun, Earth, Jupiter, and Saturn. Appendix II – Improvements in Optical Instruments Universal Microscope; the New Solar Microscope; the New Reflecting Microscope etc

    The folding plates are very good, up with Principia or Pemberton’s book on Newtonian Philosophy. We can only conveniently provide a few scans. Special Astronomical plates and the early Instruments

    The folding map of the world is by distinguished English cartographer Emanuel Bowen (1694-1767). Described as “the Globular projection or A Map of the World Drawn from the best Authorities & Regulated by Astronomical Observations” circa 1750 but obviously before 1759.

    A special pre-Cook map of the world. Australia based on the Dutch understanding of the coastline with New Holland, Carpentaria and Van Diemens Land named. Elsewhere a number of false of fictitious landmarks add interest, including Darkes Land south of the Horn; Davis Land (which may be Easter Island) and Gamas Land in the North west Pacific, and Terra Australis just south of Tristan da Cunha. Strong plate mark and in good condition. Uncoloured as it should be. This map underpins supports the value of the book.

    Emanuel Bowen was appointed mapmaker to George II and Louis XV. He trained Thomas Kitchen and Thomas Jeffreys both distinguished followers, as well as his son Thomas Bowen who carried on the family tradition after his death.

    Superb 18thC Physics based on Newton and his followers with special engravings to demonstrate the principles and instruments involved.

    With the fine early world map by Emanuel Bowen.

    $590.00

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  • Philosophia Britannica – Benjamin Martin – 1759 – Volume 1 – Rules of Philosophy; Mechanics; Hydrostatics

    Philosophia Britannica – Benjamin Martin – 1759 – Volume 1 – Rules of Philosophy; Mechanics; Hydrostatics

    One of originally three volumes each of which stands alone. We have two and are selling them individually or as a pair … scarce.

    Published by M Cooper in Pater-noster-row, J Newbery in St Pauls Church-yard, S Crowder and Co on London-bridge etc London and sold by the Author at his House in Fleet-street, 1759.

    Bound in original full speckled Calf showing some age but holding very well. Original maroon leather title labels. A beautiful antiquarian look.

    Text block speckled red. Inked name on front paste down. Title page in red and black. Octavo, 333 pages after preliminaries including “Catalogue” of previous works used a reference … staring with Principia. Twenty magnificent copper engraved plates of which eighteen are folding.

    Benjamin Martin (1705-1782) established a school in Chichester during his twenties. Little is known about his own formal education. By 1738 he had taken a keen interest in optics and produced several wood and cardboard microscopes. He started presenting lectures in experimental philosophy to audiences in Reading, Bristol, Bath and London. He published his first “Philosophia” in 1747. This the second 1759 edition is a new and augmented version and is the high point of his work. The world (Wiki) has Martin down principally as a lexicographer who compiled and early dictionary … and a lecturer and maker of scientific instruments …. we would say wrong way around. By 1756 Martin was firmly settled in London. He began trading as an Optician and then in addition numerous scientific instruments. His business address, which is where he lived was described as “Hadley’s Quadrant and Visual Glasses”, near Crane Court, in Fleet Street, London. His trade cards advertised … “All Sorts of Philosophical, Optical and Mathematical Instruments many of which are of New Invention made and Sold by Benjamin Martin at his shop … viz Planetariums, Globes of any Size, Air Pumps, Barometers, Thermometers, Pocket Microscopes, Wilson’s Microscopes, Solar Microscopes, Reflecting and Refracting Telescopes, Reading Glasses, Opera Glasses, Spectacles, Hadley’s Quadrants, Cases of Instruments, Sectors, Sliding Rules. Artificial Magnets and of which may be sent safe to any part of England”.

    The book … set out as four lectures; Lecture 1 – including inter alia the Nature of Matter or Substance; Divisibility and Mobility; Proof of Vacuum; Laws of Attraction; Magnetism. Lecture 2 inter alia – Gravitation; Motion; Relative Motion and Acceleration; Non-elastic Bodies; Newton’s Laws; Time and Space… Pendulums; the Pyrometer; Projectiles and Parabolic Curves; Halley’s Invention; Centripetal and Centrifugal Force; Earth and Moon; Increase in Gravity from the Equator to the Poles. Lecture 3 inter alia – Centre of Magnitude between two or more Bodies; The Sun and the Planets; Mechanical Powers … levers, ships rubber, bees cell etc. Lecture 4 inter alia the Nature of Fluids; Centre of Pressure; Specific Gravity; Hydrometer; Newtons Theory of the Motion and Resistance of Fluids at Large.

    The folding plates are very good, up with Principia or Pemberton’s book on Newtonian Philosophy. We can only conveniently provide a few scans. The instrument for measuring specific gravity is extra special.

    Superb 18thC Physics based on Newton and his followers with special engravings to demonstrate the principles and instruments involved.

    $370.00

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  • Proceedings and Debates of the House of Commons in 1620 and 1621 – Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt from a Period Manuscript by Sir Edward Nicholas – Two Volumes First Edition 1766

    Proceedings and Debates of the House of Commons in 1620 and 1621 – Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt from a Period Manuscript by Sir Edward Nicholas – Two Volumes First Edition 1766

    Title continues…. Collected by a Member of that House. And now Published from his Original Manuscript, in the Library of Queen’s College, Oxford.

    Published by the Clarendon Press, 1766. Two volumes, octavo, 375 pages and 264 pages after preliminaries and with addendum. Complete, and bound in original mottled calf, spine gilt with raised bands and original red leather title labels. A little age, hinges tender but holding will. A genuine antiquarian look.

    Edited by Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt a classical scholar who had been educated at Eton and Queen’s College, Oxford. In 1756 he was under-secretary of war, and then in 1762 clerk of the House of Commons. The original manuscript is attributed to Sir Edward Nicholas, Member for Winchelsea in 1620/21.

    A scarce and valuable source on the political history of James I. Parliament of the day was a source of funds for James and it did not sit for periods if it incurred his displeasure. The country was in a poor economic state. The period was one when patents were used to create monopolies and hence wealth. Conflict arose were the King who felt that allowing patents was a Royal prerogative and Members sought Parliament to control them for personal gain. There was even an attempt to patent Beggars meaning they would be licenced and have to pay an annual fee to the patent holder!

    Serious history plays out … Edward Coke a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I speaks regularly. He had been England’s leading law maker … tried Raleigh and the Gunpowder Plot Accused. Here later in life he continues his hatred of Sir Francis Bacon (now Viscount St Alban). His investigations discover that Bacon had taken bribes and he was soon off to the Tower.

    James in order to raise money through dowry was planning to marry Prince Charles off to a Spanish Princess. Coke campaigned against this preferring war with Spain. James had had enough and told Parliament that it was to wrap up before its term was due. Coke continued to argue and shortly after these journals he too finds himself in the Tower.

    Floyd made rude remarks about the young Royals and found himself riding backward on a horse holding its tail to three different pillory sites … with a paper in his head defining his crime and then off to a place much worse than the Tower … the Fleet Prison.

    Rare details of Parliamentary goings on when it was more interesting than today.

    $390.00

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  • Hutton’s Logarithms -1804 – Professor Wiilam Wallace Connection

    Hutton’s Logarithms -1804 – Professor Wiilam Wallace Connection

    Longer title … Mathematical Tables; containing the Common, Hyperbolic, and Logistic Logarithms. Also, Sines, Tangents, Scants, & Versed Sines both Natural and Logarithmic. Together with Several Other Tables useful in Mathematical Calculations. To which is Prefixed, A Large and Original History of the Discoveries and Writings relating to those Subjects …

    Bu Charles Hutton, Professor of Mathematics in the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, London. A fourth edition published in 1804.

    There is much debate about who really set down the first logarithmic tables, but it was certainly Scotsman Napier (his “bones” were used by Captain Cook et all). Napier’s work was taken up by Briggs and then on to Hutton.

    To have a book of tables may seen rather dull (we like them) but it is the 179 pages before the tables that make this book especially interesting to those with a penchant for the history of Science. The first 17 pages is just that a history of the development of “higher level” mathematics. Then the invention of logarithms and their construction … Napier, Kepler, Briggs, Mercator … and Newton and Halley’s methods.

    Large octavo, leather bound, rebacked with the original spine laid down preserving the separate red leather title label.

    Interesting gift annotation … given to David Wilkie Student in the Junior Mathematical Class as the Highest Prize … for Patrons of the University – William Wallace – Professor of Mathematics April 19th, 1832.

    William Wallace (1768-1843), astronomer and mathematician was Professor at Edinburgh University. He started adult life as a bookbinder! Inventor of the eidograph for scaling drawings. An expert in geometry. At the time this book was published he was a Master of Mathematics at the Royal Military College so would have known Hutton. It seems likely that this later prize (1832) was of Wallace’s personal copy of the book.

    Hard to find mathematics – essential for when the internet gets full.

    $160.00

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  • A Discourse On the Late Funds of the Million-Act, Lottery-Act and Bank of England – John Briscoe 1696

    Title continues … Shewing, That they are … Ruinous to the Trade of the Nation. Together with Proposals for the Supplying their majesties with Money on Easy Terms.

    Extremely rare, despite being a third edition printed London by J.D. for Andrew Bell, 1696.

    Small octavo, iv, 187 pages plus adverts. Bound in 19th Century half calf, rubbed with old library stamps to title and last. Excuse it for its rarity. This is an expanded version of a pamphlet issued by Briscoe in 1694.

    John Briscoe was a prolific land bank projector. He showed, using detailed costings the very high cost of the Treasury borrowing through the various Acts set up to do so .. and, importantly the newly established [1694] Bank of England.

    Briscoe’s plan was based on the future rental income that could be expected from land, and his principles contained quite some modern theory.

    Briscoe made the link between an increase in the supply of money and greater economic activity.

    According to Briscoe, the new bills would be “to all intents as useful as money; it will be an introducing so many fresh-monied men into the Kingdom with several millions more than was before, for the supply of their Majesties”.

    He was motivated to find a means by which the Government could borrow at a low rate in interest, and simultaneously improving the capital of the land owners … “Gentlemen will have an opportunity of improving their estates by building, planting, draining or watering their land”.

    Briscoe managed to raise Pounds 100,000 for his bank … but it was not enough

    Extremely rare Banking Theory from 1696

    $490.00

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  • The Private History of the Court of England –  An Expose – Sarah Green – 1808

    The Private History of the Court of England – An Expose – Sarah Green – 1808

    Two volumes, second “corrected” edition published by the Author. Small, 287, 252 pages bound in contemporary half red roan, with really rather striking marbled paper rubbed a little at joints and ends, very clean internally, a very good set of a rare item.

    A political satire, secret history and sexual expose exploring the sexual morality of Regency Society through a historical novel based on King Edward IV. Irish born, Sarah Green (1790-1825) wrote this at an early age … people grew up more quickly then. Sadly she died young. Although we can find references to novels she purportedly wrote around the time of her birth so we question the official record.

    Rare expose on Regency Society ………. Sure to entertain ..

    $160.00

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